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Preliminary Loss Reports (PLRs)

About Preliminary Loss Reports (PLRs)

Preliminary Loss Reports provide leaders with awareness of Army loss and highlight potential trends that affect combat readiness. Within 72 hours of a loss, PLRs provide a synopsis of the incident: unit, date of loss, description of the activity at the time of the death. PLRs do not identify root causes of an accident, as the investigation is ongoing. Further details will be available later on RMIS (account required).

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PLR 22-051 - Pedestrian/Non-Motorist Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, Other
A 20-year-old Specialist assigned to Fort Bliss, Texas, died as a result of injuries from a PMV-4 mishap that occurred 12 June 2022 in El Paso, Texas, at 0030 local. The Soldier was crossing the street when she was struck by a pickup truck that fled the scene. It is unknown who notified 911. The Soldier was transported to the local hospital for treatment and died the following day. The El Paso Police Department is investigating the mishap.

Since 2017, the Army lost an average of seven Soldiers a year to PMV-Pedestrian/Non-Motorist mishaps. This mishap was the first PMV-Pedestrian/Non-Motorist fatality of FY22 and below the number of fatalities for the same time period last year.

No matter where you live or how you get places, at some point during the day, you’re a pedestrian. Unfortunately, pedestrian deaths have increased on America’s roadways.

By the Numbers:
In 2018, there were 6,283 pedestrians killed in traffic crashes, the highest since 1990 and a 3.4% increase from 2017. On average, a pedestrian died every 84 minutes in 2018 — accounting for 17% of all traffic fatalities.

The goal of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is to keep you safe — inside and outside of the vehicle. Before you step outside or get behind the wheel, get familiar with these safety tips.

Safety Tips for Pedestrians:

-Walk on a sidewalk or path. If neither is available, walk facing traffic and as far from cars as possible.
-Cross streets at marked crosswalks or intersections whenever possible; this is where drivers expect pedestrians. If neither is an option, locate a well-lit area, wait for a gap in traffic that allows you enough time to cross safely, and continue to watch for traffic as you cross.
-Be alert. Walkers wearing headphones or using a cellphone might not hear a car horn or could miss a traffic signal at a crosswalk.
-Walking while impaired is dangerous. An estimated 33% of fatal pedestrian crashes in 2018 involved a pedestrian who was drunk. NHTSA offers tips for other ways to get home safely.
-Never assume drivers see you; they could be distracted or impaired. It’s best to make eye contact with drivers to make sure you are seen. Make yourself visible by wearing brightly colored clothing during the day. At night, wear reflective materials, or use a flashlight.

Safety Tips for Drivers:
-Look for pedestrians everywhere. Pedestrians may be walking in unexpected areas or may be hard to see — especially at night, in poorly lit areas, or in bad weather.
-Follow pedestrian safety laws in your state or local area — always stop or yield for pedestrians in the crosswalk.
-Never pass vehicles stopped at a crosswalk. They might be stopped to allow pedestrians to cross the street.
-Stay alert where children may be present, like in school zones and neighborhoods.
-Slow down and carefully adhere to posted speed limits, particularly in urban and pedestrian-heavy areas. Lower speeds are one of the most important factors in pedestrian crash survivability.


 

PLR 22-040 - Combat Skills/Military Unique Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, Other
A Staff Sergeant assigned to Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska, died in a combat skills/military unique mishap 10 May 2022 on the installation, at 1345 local. Soldiers were setting up a land navigation training course when they were attacked by a bear. One Soldier sustained severe injuries during the attack, was transported to the local hospital, and pronounced dead upon arrival by the attending physician. The other Soldier sustained non-fatal injuries and was treated at the local hospital.

Since 2017, the Army has lost an average of three Soldiers a year to combat skills/military unique mishaps. This tragedy was the second combat skills/military unique fatality of FY22.


Tips for Avoiding and Surviving a Bear Attack:

Avoid an Encounter
·Practice Proper “Food” Storage - Bears have an insatiable appetite and an amazing sense of smell, and they consider anything with a scent to be "food." This can include canned goods, bottles, drinks, soaps, cosmetics, toiletries, trash, ice chests, sunscreen, bug repellant, fuel, items used for preparing or eating meals, etc. Always pack your food scraps, garbage, or toiletries in resealable bags or containers.

·Never approach, crowd, pursue, or displace bears. If a bear changes its behavior because of your presence, you are too close!

·Be Especially Cautious if You See a Female with Cubs - never place yourself between a mother and her cub, and never attempt to approach them. The chances of an attack escalate greatly if she perceives you as a danger to her cubs.


Encounters
·Identify Yourself – speak calmly so the bear knows you are a human and not a prey animal. Remain still; stand your ground but slowly wave your arms. Help the bear recognize you as a human. It may come closer or stand on its hind legs to get a better look or smell. A standing bear is usually curious, not threatening.

·Stay Calm - most bears do not want to attack you; they usually just want to be left alone. Bears may bluff their way out of an encounter by charging and then turning away at the last second. Bears may also react defensively by woofing, yawning, salivating, growling, snapping their jaws, and laying their ears back. Continue to talk to the bear in low tones; this will help you stay calmer, and it won't be threatening to the bear. A scream or sudden movement may trigger an attack. Never imitate bear sounds or make a high-pitched squeal.

·Move Away Slowly - You want to give the bear a wide berth and move away slowly, keeping an eye on the bear as you go. You want to move in a sideways motion as you go. Whatever you do, DO NOT RUN. This will trigger their instinct to chase you just like a dog will if you run from them. Bears are surprisingly fast and will have no problem at all outrunning you. If the bear follows you, stop where you are, face them, and keep talking to them in a calm low tone. Also, don’t try to climb a tree to get away from a bear. They are great at climbing trees.

Attacks
·Brown/Grizzly Bears: If you are attacked by a brown/grizzly bear, leave your pack on and PLAY DEAD. Lay flat on your stomach with your hands clasped behind your neck. Spread your legs to make it harder for the bear to turn you over. Remain still until the bear leaves the area. Fighting back usually increases the intensity of such attacks. However, if the attack persists, fight back vigorously. Use whatever you have at hand to hit the bear in the face.

·Black Bears: If you are attacked by a black bear, DO NOT PLAY DEAD. Try to escape to a secure place such as a car or building. If escape is not possible, try to fight back using any object available. Concentrate your kicks and blows on the bear's face and muzzle.

If any bear attacks you in your tent, or stalks you and then attacks, do NOT play dead—fight back! This kind of attack is very rare but can be serious because it often means the bear is looking for food and sees you as prey.


 

PLR 22-026 - Combat Skills/Military Unique Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, Other
A 24-year-old Trainee assigned to Fort Sill, Oklahoma, died in a combat skills/military unique mishap 3 March 2022 on the installation at 1520 local. After completing the Basic Combat Training introductory exercise “Hellcat 100,” the Trainee was conscious and semi-responsive but unstable on his feet. He lost consciousness while the battery drill sergeants performed heat casualty protocols. Emergency services was quickly notified, and the Trainee was transported to the local hospital. Lifesaving measures were performed and continued en route to the hospital. Upon arrival, he was pronounced dead by the attending physician.

Since 2017, the Army has lost an average of three Soldiers a year to combat skills/military-unique mishaps. This tragedy was the first combat skills/military unique fatality of FY22.

 

PLR 22-020 - Industrial/Occupational Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, Other
A 20-year-old Specialist assigned to Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska, died in an industrial/occupational mishap 24 January 2022 on the installation, at 1430 local. While lowering a Containerized Kitchen (CK) during a tire change, the Soldier was removing one of the jack stands when the CK tipped over approximately 90-degrees, landing on top of the Soldier. Due to reduced traction from an icy surface, the Soldier was unable to get clear of the equipment and was killed instantly. Department of Emergency Services pronounced the Soldier dead at the scene. The U.S. Army Combat Readiness Center is leading a safety investigation into the mishap.

Since FY17, the Army has lost an average of one Soldier a year to industrial/occupational mishaps. This tragedy was the first fatal industrial/occupational mishap of FY22.


Safety Tips:

- Ensure all maintenance is conducted in accordance with the proper TM and work package.
- When performing wheel and tire replacement procedures, ensure suitable lifting device is placed under the axle.
- Do not use alternate means of lifting the axle.

 

PLR 22-017 - Flight-Related Hoist Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, Other
A Private assigned to Fort Benning, Georgia, died in a flight-related hoist mishap 27 December 2021 near Marsing, Idaho, at approximately 0955 local. The Soldier was on leave when he was injured while hiking. He was located by a local mountain search and rescue team. The search and rescue team requested aviation support assistance from the Idaho Army National Guard (IDARNG) to hoist him to an air ambulance transfer point very close to the point of pick up. The IDARNG responded with a UH-60L Black Hawk. During the hoist operation, the Soldier fell from the sked as it was ascending to the aircraft. The Soldier was recovered and re-hoisted successfully onto the aircraft and transported a short distance where he was transferred to awaiting emergency services. The Soldier was pronounced dead by the local emergency services. The U.S. Army Combat Readiness Center is investigating the mishap.

The Army has lost one Soldier since 2017 to flight-related hoist mishaps. This mishap is the first flight-related hoist mishap fatality of FY22.

 

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