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Preliminary Loss Reports (PLRs)

About Preliminary Loss Reports (PLRs)

PLRs are intended to be used as an engagement tool for leaders to discuss the hazards and trends impacting Soldier safety and readiness. A PLR contains only basic information, as the investigation is ongoing, but provides sufficient background to allow leaders an opportunity to communicate risk at the Soldier level.

 

PLR 24-028 - PMV-2 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-2
A 23-year-old Specialist assigned to Fort Liberty, North Carolina, died in a PMV-2 mishap 3 February 2024 in Aberdeen, North Carolina, at 1630 local. The Soldier was attempting to pass a vehicle on the highway when he struck the passenger side of another vehicle turning into traffic. Law enforcement and emergency medical services responded to the scene and transported the Soldier to the local regional hospital, where he was pronounced dead. The Soldier was wearing personal protective equipment, completed the Basic RiderCourse 23 February 2021 and had a valid motorcycle endorsement. Speed or the involvement of alcohol as contributing factors is unknown. The unit/safety points of contact are waiting for law enforcement to release its final report.

Since FY19, the Army has lost an average of 28 Soldiers a year to PMV-2 mishaps. This mishap was the 11th PMV-2 fatality of FY24 and above the number of fatalities for the same time period last year.

Safety tip

Strategies for passing safely

1. No unnecessary risks
First, ask yourself why you want to pass. Are you on your motorcycle because you’re trying to get somewhere or because you enjoy the ride? If it’s the latter, maybe it’s best to find that peaceful pace that flows with other motorists rather than racing past them.

In most circumstances, if you decide not to pass someone, you’ve reduced your exposure to potential danger.

2. Key steps to passing
Total abstinence from overtaking isn’t too likely for most riders, so let’s consider how to pass safely and effectively. That means employing this basic blueprint for every maneuver you make:

1. Constantly scan the road ahead and behind, in both the overtaking lane and the cruising lane.
2. Signal your intention to pass
3. Initiate the maneuver while accelerating.
4. Swing wide around the vehicle you’re passing.
5. Once you have sufficient room in front of the vehicle you’re going around, signal your merge back to the original lane.
6. Merge and decelerate to the desired speed.
That’s the basic outline for safe passing and should be used for every overtaking maneuver. Yet, there’s a lot of nuance in the details and varying circumstances of some situations.

3. ‘Gas it’ or ‘roll on’?
When overtaking another motorist, you’re faced with a decision to either roll on the throttle to build some speed, or to downshift, hit the gas and use a more sudden burst of acceleration to pass.

Which is the best?
The downshift-and-gas-it method is better because it typically carries less momentum into the situation, making it easier to abort the pass if the situation changes.

Building speed before initiating the pass consumes time. Plus, it usually means you’re going pretty fast by the time you’re swinging wide to make the pass. If conditions suddenly change – such as an oncoming vehicle or a change in speed of the vehicle you’re attempting to pass – you can be forced to take evasive action at the very moment you’re committed with maximum speed.

The solution: pass decisively and quickly, utilizing your motorcycle’s ability to accelerate.

4. Passing with a passenger
The strategy changes when overtaking while your motorcycle is loaded with a passenger or the weight of extra gear. If your bike is fully loaded, ride with the premise that you’re not going to pass unless it’s necessary. A loaded motorcycle takes more time to accelerate and decelerate.

For those occasions when you must pass while riding fully loaded, avoid the ‘gas it’ method in favor of building speed before initiating the maneuver. A fully loaded motorcycle doesn’t accelerate quickly enough.

Use the same rationale as passing unloaded: use the method that consumes the least amount of time for the whole passing process. With a loaded motorcycle, the building-speed method is generally the quickest.

5. Passing in farm country
A ride through rural Pennsylvania or Wisconsin can make you acutely aware of the pitfalls associated with passing slow-moving farm machinery.

Someone driving farm equipment like a tractor or combine poses added challenges and danger to a motorcyclist. This equipment is usually wide and can hang into a second lane. Sometimes operators can’t see or aren’t paying attention to motorists behind them; they might not have working lights or turn signals; their equipment is cumbersome and can sling dirt onto the road, and they might abruptly turn into fields without a marked or visible driveway.

Pay attention to these dangers for clues to directional changes a farmer might make in his/her route, such as the telltale sign of dirt chunks going into and out of fields, as well as other equipment being operated in upcoming fields.

6. Passing safely in a group
If you’re among a group of riders who are about to pass a motorist, agree in advance on how the group will or will not pass and follow that guidance while still making your own safety decisions.

It is a mistake to blindly follow the lead of the rider in front of you. For starters, that rider might have very different sensibilities than you about what constitutes a safe situation for passing. Secondly, even if the situation was safe for his or her pass, it might have changed by the time you’re ready to do so.

The best approach is to employ the same strategies and sensibilities used when riding solo. If you’re riding within a group and decide to pass a motorist, be extra cautious to look behind you before swinging wide. Others in the group behind you might not share your same caution and could decide to pass before it’s their turn.

7. How to get passed
How to handle occasions when you’re the one getting passed? It’s best to leave your ego at the door, do your scan of the situation and allow the pass to occur as safely as possible.

If you think the situation is safe and OK for passing, stay the course and don’t make any changes. But be prepared to change that tactic and have a plan for it. If you see a motorist roll out to pass, then look at all the factors on the road.

You want them to have a choice to go in front of you as well as the ability to change their decision and come in behind you. That might mean changing position in the lane to free up space and slowing down.

Additional tips on passing safely
Here are a few more valuable tips for safe passage:

  • If you’re about to pass another vehicle, always check behind you before initiating the move to ensure that a motorist behind you isn’t doing the same thing at that exact moment.

  • In most states, a motorcycle owns the entire lane. So if you’re passing another motorcyclist, be sure to pass them in a different lane instead of using the same lane.

  • When riding in multiple traffic lanes, always try to pass on the left whenever possible. If it’s just you, it’s OK to pass on the right. But if you’re riding in a group, passing should occur on the left.

  • Be wary of anything that’s out of the ordinary that could result in other motorists’ sudden directional changes. Likewise, if you’re near a tourist attraction or other popular landmark, be prepared for last-second maneuvers by other drivers. And always consider someone driving slowly as a possibility for a non-signaled, unsafe U-turn.

  • In a nutshell, be cautious, be aware and be thoughtful about your environment.

    Tips provided by Harley Davidson Motorcycle @ Harley-Davidson.com




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PLR 24-027 - PMV-2 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-2
A 21-year-old Active Guard Reserve Specialist assigned to the U.S. Army Reserves, Denton, Texas, on special work support status, died in a PMV-2 mishap 31 January 2024 in Flower Mound, Texas, at 1952 local. The Soldier was reportedly traveling on the roadway when a merging civilian vehicle struck him. The Flower Mound Police Department (FMPD) and emergency medical services arrived and pronounced the Soldier dead at the scene. The specific circumstances of the mishap, including the Soldier’s use of personal protective equipment, completion of the required Motorcycle Safety Foundation training, licensing, speed or the involvement of alcohol, is currently unknown. The unit/safety points of contact are waiting for FMPD to release its final report.

Since FY19, the Army has lost an average of 28 Soldiers a year to PMV-2 mishaps. This mishap was the 10th PMV-2 fatality of FY24 and above the number of fatalities for the same time period last year.
 

 

PLR 24-026 - PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4

A 26-year-old Sergeant assigned to the Army National Guard, Camp Mabry, Texas, in an inactive-duty status died in a PMV-4 mishap in Fort Worth, Texas, at local. When the Soldier did not report to first formation, the chain of command contacted the Soldier’s sister, who was able to receive a location from his phone. The detective assigned to the case confirmed the Soldier was involved in a fatal vehicle mishap. The specific circumstances of the mishap, including the mishap sequence, use of seat belt and speed or alcohol as contributing factors, are unknown. The unit/safety points of contact are waiting for law enforcement to release its final report.

Since FY19, the Army has lost an average of 35 Soldiers a year to PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap was the 12th fatality of FY24 and above the number of fatalities for the same time last year.

 

 

PLR 24-025 – On-Duty Sports, Recreations and Physical Training Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, Sports & Recreation

A 50-year-old Active Guard Reserve Sergeant First Class assigned to the U.S. Army Reserves, Whitehall, Ohio, died in an on-duty sports, recreation and physical training mishap in Whitehall at local. The Soldier collapsed while playing basketball for unit physical training. Gym staff notified 911 and the Defense Supply Center Columbus (DSCC) fire department, emergency medical services and security responded to the scene. Lifesaving measures were unsuccessful. The unit/safety points of contact are waiting for DSCC to release its final report.

Since , the Army has lost an average of one Soldier a year to on-duty sports, recreation and physical training mishaps. This was the second on-duty sports, recreation and physical training mishap of FY24 and above the number of on-duty sports, recreation and physical training fatalities from this time last year.

 

 

PLR 24-024 - Off-Duty PMV Pedestrian/Non-Motorist Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, Pedestrian
A 30-year-old Captain assigned to Fort Liberty, North Carolina, died in an off-duty PMV Pedestrian/Non-Motorist mishap 10 January 2024 in Fayetteville, North Carolina, at 1900 local. The Soldier was operating an electric-assist bicycle when he was struck from behind by a vehicle. Local law enforcement responded and transported the Soldier to the local medical center. Shortly after arrival, the Soldier was pronounced dead. The Soldier was wearing the appropriate personal protective equipment. The specific circumstances of the mishap, including speed or alcohol, are currently unknown. The unit/safety points of contact are waiting for law enforcement to release its final report.

Since 2019, the Army has lost an average of five Soldiers a year to off-duty PMV Pedestrian/Non-Motorist mishaps. This was the second off-duty PMV Pedestrian/Non-Motorist mishap of FY24.
 

 

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