Preliminary Loss Reports (PLRs)

About Preliminary Loss Reports (PLRs)

Preliminary Loss Reports provide leaders with awareness of Army loss and highlight potential trends that affect combat readiness. Within 72 hours of a loss, PLRs provide a synopsis of the incident: unit, date of loss, description of the activity at the time of the death. PLRs do not identify root causes of an accident, as the investigation is ongoing. Further details will be available later on RMIS (account required).

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PLR 22-005 - PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4
A Chief Warrant Officer 2 assigned to Fort Hood, Texas, died in a PMV-4 mishap 3 November 2021 in Gatesville, Texas, at 1530 local. The Soldier’s vehicle hydroplaned into oncoming traffic and was struck on the passenger side by a civilian vehicle. The Soldier and driver of the other vehicle were both transported to the local hospital and admitted to the level one trauma unit. The Soldier had significant brain swelling and underwent surgery to relieve the pressure. Following surgery, the Soldier had no measurable brain activity and the family decided to remove him from life support. The Soldier was pronounced dead on 8 November. The specific circumstances of the mishap, including use of seat belts, speed, and alcohol or drugs as contributing factors, are unknown at this time. The safety/unit points of contact are waiting for local law enforcement to release their final report.

Since 2017, the Army has lost an average of 36 Soldiers a year to off-duty PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap was the second PMV-4 fatality of FY22.

Driving safely on wet roads or in the rain can be challenging. When the road you're driving on doesn't drain well or the rain is heavy enough for puddles to form, it can become downright dangerous — especially if your tires are not ready for those conditions.

If you've ever driven on a wet road and felt your vehicle slipping or skidding for a split second or more, you were likely hydroplaning.

What is Hydroplaning?
Hydroplaning is skimming or sliding on top of a film of water between your tires and the road, resulting in a loss of steering capabilities and braking effectiveness. It happens when you drive over a wet surface faster than the tires can displace the water underneath them, resulting in loss of contact with the road.

How to Avoid Hydroplaning
Losing control of your vehicle even for a moment can be very unnerving, but there are steps you can take to try and avoid hydroplaning.

Ensure adequate tread depth on your tires:
Worn tires have less tread depth, which means they don't have the deep channels that are needed to move the water away effectively. This will cause the tires to ride on top of the water more easily, and if you're on top of the water, you don't have traction.

Checking tread depth is something you can easily do yourself:
Insert a penny in the center of your tire tread with Lincoln's head upside down and facing you; if you can see all of Lincoln's head, you have less than 2/32 inch of tread, and that's not enough to safely drive on a wet road.

Reduce your speed:
The most dangerous time to drive is immediately after it starts raining. The instant a drop hits your windshield, it is a good idea to slow down. Rain mixes with oil and rubber on the road, creating a slicker surface. Once the water pools even a little, hydroplaning is possible. The faster you drive in wet conditions, the less time your tires have to channel the water away. No matter how good or new your tires are, they will hydroplane at a certain speed.

Don't use cruise control:
It is never safe to use your cruise control in inclement weather, because you may need instant control of your speed in the event the car surprises you with a change in direction.

Drive in the tracks of the vehicle ahead:
Following the tracks of the car in front of you allows you to drive on strips of road where the amount of road water has already been dispersed by the previous vehicle, which means less water for your tires to navigate. Make sure to keep a safe distance.

Avoid puddles:
It takes only a small layer of water to hydroplane, so it's best to stay out of puddles altogether if you can. Keep in mind that the longer it rains and the deeper the puddle, the more likely you are to hydroplane.

What to Do if Your Vehicle Hydroplanes
The appropriate reaction in a moment like this can be the difference between recovery and further loss of control. Much like driving on ice, the best reaction is to not overreact.

Safe recovery is more about finesse than brute strength. If you panic and brake hard or try to speed up, you risk making the skid or slide worse.

If you feel your car changing direction on its own, let off the gas but don't hit the brake. Then, although it may seem counterintuitive, gently steer your car in the direction you are skidding. This is called "turning into the skid" and will help you regain control by realigning your tires with the direction your car is traveling.

Stay calm and wait for your tires to get their grip; stay alert for any other possible hydroplaning hazards ahead.

Thankfully, most hydroplaning situations last only a few seconds. Although it's important to know good techniques to deal with them, the best defense against hydroplaning is to make sure you have good tires and to maintain them properly. Check your tread depth and air pressure regularly and have them rotated every 3,000 to 6,000 miles or during each oil change.

Check out our “In the Spotlight” series from the ODSAP Presentation at the following link:



PLR 22-004 - PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4
A 29-year-old Specialist assigned to Camp Humphreys, Korea, died in a PMV-4 mishap 1 November 2021 in Pyeongtaek-Si, Korea, at 2308 local. The Soldier and two family members were traveling in their vehicle when they hit a civilian tow truck driven by a local national. The frontal impact and subsequent fire resulted in major damage to both vehicles and the deaths of the Soldier and his two family members. The local national was injured and taken to a local hospital. Local national emergency medical services and Korea National Police (KNP) arrived on the scene, followed by the military police. Speed was reportedly a contributing factor; however, the involvement of alcohol or drugs is unknown at this time. Due to the vehicle fire, it could not be determined if seat belts were used. The unit/safety points of contact are waiting for KNP to release their final report.

Since 2017, the Army has lost an average of 36 Soldiers a year to off-duty PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap was the first PMV-4 fatality of FY22.

Here are few tips for driving in Korea:

South Korea drives on the right side of the road.

Speed limits in South Korea:

-Expressways – Varies from 100-120 km/hr
-Open roads – 80 km/hr
-City – Varies from 60-80 km/hr

Always follow posted speed limits (which can vary from these normal limits) and watch out for speed cameras, especially on motorways.

Priority/right of way – There are no clear rules regarding priority or right of way when approaching an intersection without traffic lights, so approach intersections with caution and assume the other driver wants to go first.

Children – Children under6 years old must use a car seat.

Seat belts – All passengers must wear a seat belt.

Traffic violations in Korea come with high penalties:

Traffic Violations Points System
Drivers accumulate points for traffic violations or traffic accidents. Once a certain number of points have been accumulated, the person's driving license may be canceled or suspended. For example, if a driver accumulates more than 40 penalty points for traffic violations, her/his license may be suspended. Cancellation of the license will occur if the driver has accumulated more than 121 points in one year, 201 points in 2 years or 271 points in 3 years. Refusal to submit to a breathalyzer test, leaving the scene of an accident and driving with a suspended license can result in immediate cancellation of one's driving license.

Point Penalties:
- 10 points: lane-changing violation, no-passing zone violation, engaging in disputes/arguments on the road that interferes with traffic, etc.
- 15 points: signal violation (crossing on a red/amber light), use of cellphone while driving, no-passing violation, exceeding speed limit by 20-40 km/hr, bus-only lane violation, etc.
- 30 points: crossing the center divider line, exceeding speed limit by 40 km/hr, driving on highway shoulder, railroad crossing violation, etc.
- 2-15 points per injury, depending on the seriousness (based on healing/treatment time) of the injury
- 90 points: per death if the victim dies within 72 hours of the accident

Drinking and driving is a serious offense in Korea.

a. Driving while intoxicated (this means a blood alcohol level of over 0.05%) is punishable by imprisonment of up to 2 years and a fine of up to 3 million won.

b. Driving with a blood alcohol level of 0.05-0.35% is punishable by law, and those with over 0.36% are arrested and detained.

c. Anyone who has been caught drinking and driving on three previous occasions is automatically detained, regardless of the degree of intoxication.
d. Penalties:
- Drivers with a blood alcohol level of 0.05% to 0.09% will have their license suspended for 100 days.
- Those found with a blood alcohol level of more than 0.10% or more than 0.05% when involved in an accident resulting in loss of life will have their license revoked.
- Drivers who refuse an alcohol level test face cancellation of their license.



PLR 22-003 - PMV-2 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-2
A Captain assigned to Fort Bragg, North Carolina, died in a PMV-2 mishap 25 October 2021 in Spring Lake, North Carolina, at 1625 local. The Soldier lost control of his motorcycle, crossed into the opposing lane, and collided head-on with a tractor-trailer. The Soldier was pronounced dead at the scene. The specific circumstances of the mishap, including speed, the Soldier’s use of personal protective equipment, completion of the required Motorcycle Safety Foundation’s Basic RiderCourse, and the involvement of alcohol or drugs, are unknown at this time. The unit/safety points of contact are waiting for local law enforcement to release their report.

Since 2017, the Army has lost an average of 25 Soldiers a year to off-duty PMV-2 mishaps. This mishap was the first off-duty PMV-2 fatality of FY22.



PLR 22-002 - On-Duty Sports, Recreation and Physical Training Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, Other
A Private assigned to Fort Benning, Georgia, died in an on-duty Sports, Recreation and Physical Training mishap 24 October 2021 at Fort Benning, Georgia, at approximately 1930 local. The Soldier, in basic training, was participating in an individual run on the battalion track when he collapsed. Two drill sergeants assisted with medical treatment and notified emergency services. The Soldier was transported to the local hospital where he was pronounced dead.

Since 2017, the Army has lost an average of one Soldier a year to on-duty Sports, Recreation and Physical Training mishaps. This is the first on-duty Sports, Recreation and Physical Training fatality of FY22.



PLR 22-001 - GMV Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, Other
A Private First Class assigned to Fort Bragg, North Carolina, died in a government motor vehicle (GMV) mishap 4 October 2021 at 1300 local. Five Soldiers were returning from land navigation training in an up-armored HMMWV when the vehicle abruptly turned and rolled over on a four lane hard surface road. During the rollover, the truck commander, two passengers, and the gunner were ejected. The Fort Bragg emergency medical service transported the Soldiers to a local medical center for evaluation and further treatment. The emergency room physician pronounced the gunner deceased at 1401.

Since 2016, the Army has experienced an average of 12 GMV mishaps per year. This mishap is the first GMV fatality of FY22 and below the number of similar mishaps during the same time period last year.

Per AR 385-10 Chapter 11
11–4. Safe motor vehicle operations
a. Occupant protection (HSPG Number 20)
(1) Occupant protective devices will be worn by all persons in or on an Army-owned motor vehicle whether on or off the installation.

Stay Alert – Avoid Distractions
Distractions are everywhere today and becoming more and more difficult to avoid. Remember that, as a driver, your primary task is to operate your vehicle safely. It only takes a few seconds to get yourself and your passengers in a situation that could start a chain reaction that leads to a motor vehicle mishap. Always keep these tips in mind when driving or as a passenger.

1. Avoid distractions while operating a vehicle.
2. Always wear your seat belt and ensure your passengers do the same.
3. Your focus should be on the task of driving safely.
4. Pay attention to your surroundings, especially if you’re unfamiliar with the area where you’re driving.
5. Focus as far to your front as possible using peripheral vision to scan for obstacles.
6. Maintain the posted speed limit.