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Preliminary Loss Reports (PLRs)

About Preliminary Loss Reports (PLRs)

Preliminary Loss Reports provide leaders with awareness of Army loss and highlight potential trends that affect combat readiness. Within 72 hours of a loss, PLRs provide a synopsis of the incident: unit, date of loss, description of the activity at the time of the death. PLRs do not identify root causes of an accident, as the investigation is ongoing. Further details will be available later on RMIS (account required).

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PLR 21-040 - PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4
A Sergeant First Class assigned to Peachtree City, Georgia died in a PMV-4 mishap 11 March 2021 in Senoia, GA, at 2130 local. The Soldier was operating his vehicle when he left the roadway and hit the wood line. The Soldier and his eight-year-old daughter were pronounced dead at the scene by the local county coroner. The specific circumstances of the mishap, including speed, seat belt use, or alcohol as contributing factors, are unknown at this time. The safety POC is awaiting local law enforcement to release information.

Since 2016, the Army has lost an average of 33 Soldiers a year to off-duty PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap is the eighteenth PMV-4 fatality of FY21.

- Never drive while under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
- Avoid distractions while operating a vehicle.
- Your focus should be on the task of driving safely.
- Pay attention to your surroundings especially if you’re unfamiliar with the area you’re driving in.
- Focus as far to your front as possible, using peripheral vision to scan for obstacles.
- Maintain the posted speed limit.
- Always wear your seat belt and ensure your passengers do the same.

Stay Alert – Avoid Distractions

Distractions are everywhere today and becoming more and more difficult to avoid. Your eyes and ears are your best tools for keeping safe. Stay alert and watch out.
-Put down your phone. Smartphones and handheld electronic devices are a daily part of life, but they take your eyes off of the road and distract your attention.
-Don’t wear headphones. Your ears will tell you a lot about what is happening around you – be sure to use them.

 

 

PLR 21-037 – PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4
A Specialist assigned to Goodfellow Air Force Base, Texas, died in a PMV-4 mishap 7 March 2021 in San Angelo, Texas, at 1628 local. The Soldier was driving when he lost control of his vehicle. He was pronounced dead at the scene. Two other Soldiers riding as passengers suffered non-fatal injuries and are currently hospitalized. The specific circumstances of the mishap, including speed and use of seat belt as contributing factors, are unknown at this time. It is suspected that drugs and alcohol were not involved. The safety POC is awaiting local law enforcement to release information.

Since 2016, the Army has lost an average of 34 Soldiers a year to PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap was the 17th PMV-4 fatality of FY21 and above the number of fatalities for the same time period last year.


Speeding is more than just breaking the law. The consequences are far-ranging:

-Greater potential for loss of vehicle control;
-Reduced effectiveness of occupant protection equipment;
-Increased stopping distance after the driver perceives a danger;
-Increased degree of crash severity leading to more severe injuries;
-Economic implications of a speed-related crash;
-and increased fuel consumption/cost.


How to be a better passenger

-Share the responsibilities

Making yourself useful – whether you offer to operate the GPS system or act as another set of eyes for the driver – can help avoid any accidents that would have happened due to distraction or driver fatigue. Keeping watch for any diversions and reading road signs will also help the driver to focus on the task at hand.

-Banish backseat driving

Keeping a watchful eye for things the driver might miss is helpful; criticizing every move the driver makes could be harmful. If the driver gets frustrated or annoyed, the likelihood is they’ll pay less attention to the road, which could lead to an easily avoidable accident.

-Seat belts

Drilled into us since childhood, this one should be obvious but is worth repeating: wear your seat belt. It's the driver's legal responsibility to ensure passengers are properly belted; but if the driver doesn’t, you as a passenger can ensure everyone is wearing their seat belt.

 

 

PLR 21-036 – PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4
A Specialist assigned to Landstuhl, Germany, died in a PMV-4 mishap 5 March 2021 in Kaiserslautern, Germany, at 2130 local. The Soldier was operating her vehicle with another Soldier riding as a passenger when she approached an intersection and failed to yield to oncoming traffic. With no signs of braking, her vehicle collided with another vehicle occupied by two other Soldiers, causing both vehicles to skid 75 feet before coming to rest. All four Soldiers were transported to separate hospitals. The driver of the first vehicle was pronounced dead upon arrival by the attending physician. Her passenger suffered non-fatal injuries and is currently in a medically induced coma. The two Soldiers in the second vehicle both suffered non-life-threatening injuries. The specific circumstances of the mishap, including speed, use of seat belts, and alcohol and drugs as contributing factors, are unknown at this time. The safety POC is waiting for the host country local authorities to release information

Since 2016, the Army has lost an average of 34 Soldiers a year to PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap was the 16th PMV-4 fatality of FY21 and above the number of fatalities for the same time period last year.
How to be a better passenger


Share the responsibilities

Make yourself useful. Whether you offer to operate the navigation or act as another set of eyes for the driver, can help avoid any accidents that would have happened due to distraction or driver fatigue. Keeping watch for any diversions and reading road signs will also help the driver to focus on the task at hand.

Banish backseat driving

Keeping a watchful eye for things the driver might miss is helpful; criticizing every move the driver makes could be harmful. If the driver gets frustrated or annoyed, the likelihood is they’ll pay less attention to the road, which could lead to an easily avoidable accident.

Stay Alert – Avoid Distractions

Distractions are everywhere today and becoming more and more difficult to avoid. Remember that, as a pedestrian, your eyes and ears are your best tools for keeping safe. Stay alert and watch out.

-Avoid distractions while operating a vehicle.
-Your focus should be on the task of driving safely.
-Pay attention to your surroundings especially if you’re unfamiliar with the area you’re driving in.
-Focus as far to your front as possible using peripheral vision to scan for obstacles.
-Maintain the posted speed limit.
-Always wear your seatbelt and ensure your passengers do the same.

 

 


PLR 21-034 - PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4
A Sergeant First Class assigned to the United State Army Reserve, Denver, Colorado, on active duty for operational support (ADOS) orders in support of the Joint Task Force-National Capital Region (JTF-NCR), 59th Presidential Inauguration, died in a PMV-4 mishap 4 February 2021 in Clay County, Indiana, at 1725 local. The Soldier departed his duty location (JTF-NCR) on official leave and was driving through Indiana to Colorado Springs, Colorado, for his next ADOS assignment. His vehicle hit a semi-truck, resulting in a rollover. Initial reports suggest the Soldier’s speed at the time of the mishap was 80 mph. He was wearing his seat belt and was reportedly not under the influence of drugs or alcohol. The Soldier suffered multiple injuries and was transported to the local regional hospital before later being transferred to another medical center for higher-level care. Six days later, the attending physician determined the Soldier to be brain dead and was pronounced dead shortly after.

Since 2016, the Army has lost an average of 34 Soldiers a year to PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap was the 15th PMV-4 fatality of FY21 and above the number of fatalities for the same time period last year.

• The Travel Risk Planning System (TRiPS), although no longer required, is an excellent tool to assist in planning your trip. For more information on TRiPS, use the following link: https://trips.safety.army.mil/TRiPS

• Build time into your trip schedule to stop for food, rest breaks, phone calls or other business.

• Pull over to eat or drink. It takes only a few minutes.

• Check your route of travel for weather conditions and road construction and plan alternate routes should you need to get off a heavily congested roadway.

• Technology can be an asset if used wisely. Whether you use traditional road maps or GPS navigation, plan which route you’ll take ahead of time. As you plan ahead, you can research the traffic levels of these roads so you can drive safer.

• If you use GPS, your navigation system may even be able to tell you which roads are under construction. When you avoid driving through construction sites, you greatly reduce your risk of accidents and injury.

• If possible, avoid driving at night. Driving conditions are more hazardous at night. Nocturnal animals could wander onto the road or a speeding driver may hit an obstacle and cause an accident.

• Before your trip, look into hotels along your route so you don’t have to make too big of a detour. Additionally, booking a hotel in advance can make stopping at night much easier.

• If your trip is a long one, switch between drivers. Staring at the open road for hours on end can make you drowsy. To avoid falling asleep behind the wheel, switch between drivers every few hours if possible. If you’re driving alone, stop at a rest stop or gas station every couple of hours to stretch your legs and take a break.

 

 

PLR 21-029 - PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4

A Private First Class assigned to the Indiana Army National Guard, Crawfordsville, Indiana, was on Title 32 502(f) orders in support of COVID vaccinations, when he died in a PMV-4 mishap 16 January 2021 in Bloomington, Indiana, at 2300 local. The Soldier was operating his vehicle en route to his hotel when he collided with another vehicle. The Soldier was transported to the local hospital and pronounced dead upon arrival by the attending physician. The specific circumstances of the mishap, including speed, the Soldier’s use of a seat belt and alcohol use, as contributing factors are unknown at this time. The mishap is under investigation.

Since 2016, the Army has lost an average of 34 Soldiers a year to PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap is the 14th PMV-4 fatality of FY21 and above the number of fatalities for the same time period last year.


Drowsy-driving crashes:

1. Occur most frequently between midnight and 6 a.m., or in the late afternoon. At both times of the day, people experience dips in their circadian rhythm — the human body’s internal clock that regulates sleep;

2. Often involve only a single driver (and no passengers) running off the road at a high rate of speed with no evidence of braking; and

3. Frequently occur on rural roads and highways.

Tips on How to Avoid Driving Drowsy

1. Getting adequate sleep on a daily basis is the only true way to protect yourself against the risks of driving when you’re drowsy. Experts urge consumers to make it a priority to get seven to eight hours of sleep per night.

2. Before the start of a long family car trip, get adequate sleep or you could put your entire family and others at risk.

3. Many teens do not get enough sleep at a stage in life when their biological need for sleep increases, which makes them vulnerable to the risk of drowsy-driving crashes, especially on longer trips. Advise your teens to delay driving until they’re well-rested.

4. Avoid drinking any alcohol before driving. Consumption of alcohol interacts with sleepiness to increase drowsiness and impairment.

5. Always check your prescription and over-the-counter medication labels to see if drowsiness could result from their use.

6. If you take medications that could cause drowsiness as a side effect, use public transportation when possible.

7. If you drive, avoid driving during the peak sleepiness periods (midnight to 6 a.m. and late afternoon). If you must drive during the peak sleepiness periods, stay vigilant for signs of drowsiness, such as crossing over roadway lines or hitting a rumble strip, especially if you’re driving alone.

Short-term Interventions

1. Drinking coffee or energy drinks alone is not always enough. They might help you feel more alert, but the effects last only a short time, and you might not be as alert as you think you are. If you drink coffee and are seriously sleep-deprived, you still may have “micro sleeps” or brief losses of consciousness that can last for four or five seconds. This means that at 55 miles per hour, you’ve traveled more than 100 yards down the road while asleep. That’s plenty of time to cause a crash.

2. If you start to get sleepy while you’re driving, drink one to two cups of coffee and pull over for a short 20-minute nap in a safe place, such as a lighted, designated rest stop. This has been shown to increase alertness in scientific studies, but only for short time periods.

Common Circadian Rhythm Disorders

Shift work sleep disorder: This sleep disorder affects people who frequently rotate shifts or work at night. A conflict between someone's circadian rhythm and the time of their shift can mean they get up to four hours less sleep than the average person.

Delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS): This is a disorder of sleep timing. People with DSPS tend to fall asleep very late at night and have a hard time waking up in time for work, school, or social activities. It's especially common in teens and young adults.

Advanced sleep phase syndrome (ASPS): This is a disorder in which a person goes to sleep earlier and wakes earlier than they wanted. For example, they might fall asleep between 6:00 p.m. and 9:00 p.m. and wake up between 1:00 a.m. and 5:00 a.m.

Non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder: This disorder often affects people who are blind because the circadian clock is set by the light-dark cycle. With this condition, that cycle is disturbed. It can cause a serious lack of sleep time and quality at night and sleepiness during daylight hours.

Irregular sleep-wake rhythm disorder: With this disorder, people's circadian rhythms are jumbled. They may sleep in a series of naps over 24 hours.

 

 

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