Preliminary Loss Reports (PLRs)

About Preliminary Loss Reports (PLRs)

Preliminary Loss Reports provide leaders with awareness of Army loss and highlight potential trends that affect combat readiness. Within 72 hours of a loss, PLRs provide a synopsis of the incident: unit, date of loss, description of the activity at the time of the death. PLRs do not identify root causes of an accident, as the investigation is ongoing. Further details will be available later on RMIS (account required).

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PLR 22-045 - PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4
A 24-year-old Specialist assigned to Fort Hood, Texas, died in a PMV-4 mishap 22 May 2022 in Temple, Texas, at 0136 local. A Texas state trooper who responded to the accident stated the Soldier was traveling east on Highway 84 when he crossed the median and drifted into the westbound lane. The Soldier’s vehicle struck the front driver's side of a civilian Chevy Suburban. The Soldier was wearing his seat belt at the time of the mishap and there were no passengers. He was transported to the local hospital and pronounced dead upon arrival by the attending physician. The conditions of the occupants of the Suburban are unknown, but no fatalities were reported. The safety/unit points of contact are waiting for the Texas Department of Public Safety to release a final report.

Since 2017, the Army has lost an average of 35 Soldiers a year to PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap was the 17th PMV-4 fatality of FY22 and below the number of fatalities for the same time period last year.

Driving Tired is Dangerous

More than 100 million U.S. residents have confessed to falling asleep at the wheel. Approximately 11 million of those drivers admit they have had a car accident or near-accident because they were too tired to drive.

Nearly 1,600 deaths and 71,000 injuries are directly related to driver fatigue each year.

Preventive Measures for Driver Fatigue

When you’re tired, your body reacts differently than it would if it were fully charged and awake. Impairments in human performance when driving tired include slower reaction time, reduced attentiveness and weakened information-processing skills.

One study found that people who get less than five hours of sleep at night were four to five times more likely to get in a car crash.

Here are some tips to help prevent driver fatigue-related crashes:
•Plan to get sufficient sleep before driving. Shoot for at least six hours, but eight hours is recommended.
•Avoid consuming any alcohol when you know you’ll be driving late at night.
•Watch out for medications that may cause drowsiness. If you are taking any medications with this side effect, let someone else drive.
•Use public transportation or ride with a friend.
•Limit your time on the road between midnight and 6 a.m. if possible.

What to do When You’re Falling Asleep at the Wheel

If you’re already on the road and you find yourself getting sleepy, the best solution is to let a passenger drive, or pull over and find a place to sleep for the night. If those options aren’t possible, find a safe place to park and take a 15- to 20-minute nap.

Consuming caffeine equivalent to about two cups of coffee also helps keep you alert when sleepiness hits. Grab a coffee, caffeinated beverage, energy drink or energy tablet. Nothing replaces the benefits of actual sleep, however. Try to find a place to get a good, long rest as soon as possible, such as a hotel or friend’s house, even if you’ve already napped and consumed caffeine.

Finding yourself drowsy while driving isn’t something to ignore. Studies have compared driving tired to driving drunk. Be proactive in preventing driver fatigue and pull over and get some sleep if you find yourself getting drowsy at the wheel. A two-second dream about pizza can easily turn into a fatal car crash.

Tips provided by Health Safety Institute.


PLR 22-044 - PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4
A 35-year-old Sergeant First Class assigned to the U.S. Army Recruiting Command died in a PMV-4 mishap that occurred 11 May 2022 in Bend, Oregon, at 0348 local. The Soldier was a passenger in a southbound Subaru WRX operated by his uncle when it crossed the centerline into the northbound lane. A northbound semi-truck attempted to avoid the Subaru, but the vehicles collided head-on in the middle of the highway. The roadway was icy at the time of the collision. The Soldier and the two other vehicle occupants were transported to the local hospital. The Soldier was pronounced dead 15May at 1600. The uncle was also pronounced dead by medical staff. This mishap is still under investigation by local law enforcement.

Since 2017, the Army has lost an average of 35 Soldiers a year to PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap was the 16th PMV-4 fatality of FY22 and below the number of fatalities for the same time period last year.

Whether its snow, sleet or ice, winter weather can cause extremely dangerous road conditions. In 2019, there were 440 fatal crashes and an estimated 33,000 injury crashes that occurred in wintry conditions. Preparing yourself – and your vehicle – for winter weather is key.

Slow down. It’s harder to control or stop your vehicle on a slick or snow-covered surface. In fact, in 2019, there were an estimated 182,000 police-reported crashes that occurred in wintry conditions. On the road, increase your following distance enough so you’ll have plenty of time to stop for vehicles ahead of you.

As the outside temperature drops, so does tire inflation pressure. Make sure each tire is filled to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended inflation pressure, which is in your owner’s manual and on a label located on the driver's side door frame. Do not inflate your tires to the pressure listed on the tire itself. That number is the maximum pressure the tire can hold, not the recommended pressure for your vehicle.

Some other tips:
•Inspect your tires at least once a month and before long road trips.
•It’s best to check the tires when they’re cold, meaning that they have not been driven on for at least three hours.
•Check each tire’s age. Some vehicle manufacturers recommend replacing tires every six years regardless of use.

An inspection is not just about checking tire pressure and age. Remember to check:
•for any damage or conditions that may need attention.
•the tread and sidewalls for any cuts, punctures, bulges, scrapes, cracks or bumps. The tread should be at least 2/32 of an inch or greater on all tires as well as your spare tire.

Check your local weather and traffic reports before heading out. If your roads are not in good shape, consider postponing non-essential travel until the roads are cleared. If you do have to go out, make sure you are prepared in case you become delayed while traveling. If making a long road trip when winter weather is forecasted, consider leaving early or changing your departure to avoid being on the roads during the worst of the storm.

Do not text or drive distracted, obey posted speed limits and always drive sober. Alcohol and drugs can impair safe and responsible driving by affecting things such as coordination, judgment, perception and reaction time. And remember to always wear your seat belt.

Tips provided by NHTSA.


PLR 22-042 - PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4
A Staff Sergeant assigned to the U.S. Army Reserve, Trenton, Ohio, was involved in a PMV-4 mishap 25 February 2022 in Kingston, Ohio, at 2356 local. The Soldier was traveling from home to the unit lodging-in-kind location, when he struck the rear of a semi-truck stopped in the road, following another accident. He sustained injuries to his lower extremities and head and was hospitalized until he died 16 May. It’s currently unknown if speed or alcohol were factors. The mishap is still under investigation by local law enforcement.

Since 2017, the Army has lost an average of 35 Soldiers a year to off-duty PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap was the 15th PMV-4 fatality of FY22.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) reports that nearly 30 percent of all automobile accidents in the United States are rear-end collisions. That’s nearly one-third of all accidents!

Leave more space between you and the car in front of you.
This is the number one way to avoid rear-end collisions! The more space you leave, the more time you have to react to sudden braking and the more room you have to stop your vehicle before it hits the one in front of you.

Check your mirrors often.
You should already be checking your mirrors every six seconds or so, as well as every time you stop or brake. Pay attention when you stop; is the vehicle behind you stopping as well? If not, you may be able to give them extra time and space to do so.

Focus on driving and don’t be distracted.
Distracted driving is another top cause of collisions of all kinds. Keep your eyes on the road and you’re more likely to notice the brakes in front of you, the car cutting you off or the driver who doesn’t see you.

Brake slowly.
When approaching a stop sign, red light or another obstacle, begin braking early (without riding the brakes) and stop slowly so the person behind you can see that you’re slowing down and has time to react.

Make sure your brake lights work.
Brake lights are a safety feature and it’s important that they’re working properly. Without them, the car behind you cannot tell (easily) that you’re braking, and you are more likely to get rear-ended.

Pay attention to the driving conditions.
Yes, you need to brake when the car in front of you brakes. But if the roads are icy, it’s deer season, children are playing nearby, there are bicyclists on the road, construction is happening, etc., it’s important to leave extra room, adjust your driving habits and be ready for sudden braking.

Keep your view clear.
No, you cannot see everything that the driver in front of you can see. But, you can leave enough space between you and the large vehicle in front of you to see around it, or, you can pass so that your view is clearer.


PLR 22-041- PMV-4 Mishap Claims Two Soldiers' Lives

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4
A 22-year-old Specialist and a 23-year-old Private assigned to Joint Base Elmendorf-Richardson, Alaska, died in a multivehicle PMV-4 mishap 13 May 2022 in Anchorage, Alaska, at 1750 local. The specific circumstances of the mishap, including speed, disposition of the Soldiers, use of seat belts, and alcohol or drugs as contributing factors, are unknown. Currently, it is unknown who notified 911. The safety/unit points of contact are waiting for the Anchorage Police Department to release its final report.

Since 2017, the Army has lost an average of 35 Soldiers a year to PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap was the 13th and 14th PMV-4 fatalities of FY22 and below the number of fatalities for the same time period last year.


PLR 22-039 - PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4
A 19-year-old Specialist assigned to Joint Base Lewis-McChord, Washington, died in a PMV-4 mishap 8 May 2022 in University Place, Washington, at 0130 local. The Soldier was traveling at a high rate of speed when he struck a civilian vehicle and sustained fatal injuries. The specific circumstances of the mishap, including the mishap sequence, speed, and the involvement of alcohol or drugs are currently unknown. It is also unknown who notified 911. The safety/unit points of contact are waiting for the Tacoma Police Department to release its final report.

Since 2017, the Army has lost an average of 35 Soldiers a year to PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap was the 12th PMV-4 fatality of FY22 and below the number of fatalities for the same time period last year.

Driving at night is dangerous. Fatal accidents are three times more likely at night compared with the daytime, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).

The main reason for this—not surprisingly—is that we can’t see as well in the dark, says Alex Epstein, director of transportation safety at the National Safety Council. “You see less of the road ahead of you and have less room and time to stop.”

Ironically, some kinds of light—like the glare from too-bright lights—can compound the problem. Here are 12 tips that could help reduce the risk.

1. Be Extra Defensive
Drinking and driving poses a bigger risk after dark, according to NHTSA, which has found that the rate of fatal crashes involving alcohol impairment is almost four times higher at night than during the day. Of course, never get behind the wheel after drinking, no matter what time of day it is (don’t drive while distracted either); but at night, it’s a good idea to put your defensive-driving instincts on high alert.

2. Combat Fatigue
Drowsy-driving crashes are most likely to happen between midnight and 6 a.m., says NHTSA. So be aware during these hours that there may be sleepy drivers on the road—and keep yourself alert. Have some caffeine, pull over in a safe area to get some rest, or stop for the night. Some drivers have reported other activities that can help, turning the radio on (not too loudly); rolling down the windows periodically for fresh air; and talking or singing to yourself.

3. Clean Up Your View
Dirty or damaged windshields can scatter light and potentially increase the effects of glare, according to NHTSA. The group also reports that dirty or damaged headlights can decrease your visibility and cast glare onto oncoming drivers. So clean headlights and windshields regularly; you can use a special cleaning kit for headlights.

4. Avoid Two-Lane Highways
NHTSA says two-lane highways may be a “worst-case scenario” for nighttime glare, due to oncoming cars’ headlights, lower overall light, and the fact that these roads tend to have more sharp curves and hills than a freeway. If you can, take a safer route at night.

5. Slow Down
Speeding-related crashes account for 37 percent of nighttime-driving fatalities, says NHTSA—compared with 21 percent of those during daylight hours—due to lower visibility and shorter reaction times. For example, your headlight typically shines 160 feet in front of you, but even at 40 mph, you need 190 feet to stop. Adjust your speed to take conditions like visibility into account, says Russ Rader of the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS).

6. Angle Your Headlights Correctly
If the beams tilt down too much, you’ll lose some of the illumination you need while driving. But if they tilt too high, they can blind oncoming drivers. Some states’ annual inspection tests include checking the headlight angle—but otherwise, take the initiative to make sure yours are pointed correctly. “This isn’t usually a DIY project,” says Rader. “Consumers should go to their car dealer or a repair facility for assistance.”

7. Use High Beams When Appropriate
High beams are underutilized, says Rader, but can be very helpful in rural areas or on open roads. Just remember to dim them when you’re within 500 feet of an oncoming vehicle (so you don’t temporarily blind the other driver), and don’t use them if you’re following another vehicle. If you’re in the market for a new car, Rader recommends looking for adaptive lighting systems that automatically adjust your high beams depending on the presence of other cars.

8. Tweak Your Inside Lighting
If your dashboard lights are too bright, glancing from the dashboard to the dark road ahead can be disorienting, says the NSC’s Epstein. “Dim the interior lights at night, so that critical controls remain easily visible but not distracting,” he recommends. “And use your visors at night to shield you from outdoor street lighting and glare.” Many new cars, he adds, have mirrors that automatically dim the reflections from bright light.

9. Look in The Right Direction
While you should always keep your eyes on the road, avoid a fixed gaze and never stare at oncoming headlights, says Epstein. When approaching an oncoming vehicle, avoid being blinded by its headlights by shifting your eyes down and to the right, using the right edge of the road or lane markings as a guide to stay on track. Lift your gaze back up when you’ve passed the oncoming vehicle.

10. Watch for Wildlife
Collisions with deer often happen at dusk or at night and are more common from October to January. Your high beams can help you spot an animal’s glowing eyes. When you see them, the safest way to avoid an accident is by slowing down and stopping—not by swerving.

11. Take Care of Your Eyes
Get your vision checked every year, suggests the NSC; glare becomes more problematic for people as they age. You may also need a different prescription at night.

12. Test and Use Your Lights
Regularly test all your lights, including low beams, high beams, daytime running lights, turn signals and brake lights. And make sure to use your headlights to stay visible; not only do you need to turn them on when it’s dark, but you should turn them on in adverse weather conditions like rain, snow and hail.

Source: GEICO