Preliminary Loss Reports (PLRs)

About Preliminary Loss Reports (PLRs)

PLRs are intended to be used as an engagement tool for leaders to discuss the hazards and trends impacting Soldier safety and readiness. A PLR contains only basic information, as the investigation is ongoing, but provides sufficient background to allow leaders an opportunity to communicate risk at the Soldier level.


PLR 22-059 – PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4
A 26-year-old Private First Class assigned to Fort Bragg, North Carolina, died in a PMV-4 mishap 22 July 2022 in Augusta, Georgia, at 1840 local. Currently, only time and location of the mishap are known as the safety/unit points of contact are waiting for local law enforcement to release their final report. Other specific circumstances such as mishap sequence, speed, the involvement of alcohol or drugs, or the Soldier’s use of a seat belt are still unknown. It is also unknown who notified 911.

Since 2017, the Army has lost an average of 35 Soldiers a year to PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap was the 20th PMV-4 fatality of FY22 and below the number of fatalities for the same time period last year.


PLR 22-058 – PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4
A 20-year-old Specialist assigned to Fort Bliss, Texas died in a PMV-4 mishap that occurred 17 July 2022 on the installation at 2100 local. As the driver turned into the battalion parking lot, the Soldier riding in the rear passenger seat attempted to sit on the door frame of the open window. As a result, the Soldier fell out of the window and struck his head on the pavement. Alcohol was involved but the driver was given a field sobriety test by law enforcement personnel and passed. The mishap Soldier was transported to the local university medical center for further treatment. The Soldier was placed in a medically induced coma, however, succumbed to his injuries four days later.

Since 2017, the Army has lost an average of 36 Soldiers a year to PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap was the 19th PMV-4 fatality of FY22 and below the number of fatalities for the same time period last year.

Safety Tips For Pickup Truck Drivers | Driving Safe

Pickup trucks are versatile vehicles. They can easily be used for day-to-day errands and running around town, but they are also great for work because of the amount of equipment they can accommodate in the back. These powerful, heavy-duty vehicles help us haul, tow and get us where we need to be. But like any other tool of the trade, there are some important safety tips that should be observed.


We’ve all seen images of pickup trucks travelling down a country road with people – often kids – blissfully riding along in the back. Some of us may even be guilty of doing this ourselves! But it’s time to put an end to this dangerous and illegal behavior.

Seat belts and airbags have been placed in modern vehicles for a reason – to protect the driver and passengers in case of an accident. The back of a pickup truck offers no such protection. Even a minor collision or large pothole, can toss a person out of the back of truck, causing injury or putting them into the path of another vehicle.

Key insights + statistics:
•Wearing your seat belt as a front-seat passenger can limit your chances of moderate to fatal injury by 50% and of dying by 45%. (NHTSA)
•Wearing your seat belt in a light truck limits your risk of critical injury by 60%. (AAA)
•Nationally, most (90.1%) of Americans use seat belts. (CDC)
•On average, 47% of people who die in car accidents weren’t wearing their seat belts. (IIHS)
•15,000 lives are saved every year by wearing a seat belt. (NHTSA)

How many people die from not wearing seat belts?

Unfortunately, the most recent accident fatality data is from 2017. In that year alone, of the 37,133 who died in car accidents, 17,452 people were not wearing a seat belt. With a mortality rate of 47% for those who choose not to, wearing a seat belt is absolutely critical to driver and passenger safety.

Horse play has no place when operating or riding in any vehicle this mishap proves you don’t have to be going fast to end up a fatality when alcohol is involved.


PLR 22-056 – PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4
A 26-year-old Second Lieutenant assigned to Fort Bragg, North Carolina, was involved in a PMV-4 mishap 12 July 2022 in Braden County, North Carolina, at 0130 local. The Soldier was traveling home when she lost control and drove into a farmer’s field. She attempted to get back on the roadway, crossed over, and the driver’s side of the vehicle struck some trees. The Soldier’s fiancé was driving ahead of her, noticed her headlights were no longer visible, and turned around to investigate. At 0139 hours, he found the wreckage, and called for immediate assistance. The Soldier was pronounced dead at the scene. It is currently unknown if the Soldier was wearing her seat belt. This mishap is currently being investigated by the North Carolina State Highway Patrol.

Since 2017, the Army has lost an average of 36 Soldiers a year to PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap was the 18th PMV-4 fatality of FY22 and below the number of fatalities for the same time period last year.

It’s not just paranoia: Driving at night is actually more dangerous. Fatal accidents are three times more likely at night compared with the daytime, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).

The main reason for this—not surprisingly—is that we can’t see as well in the dark, says Alex Epstein, director of transportation safety at the National Safety Council: “You see less of the road ahead of you and have less room and time to stop.”

Ironically, some kinds of light—like the glare from too-bright lights—can compound the problem.
However, other factors can add to the challenge of driving at night. Here are 12 tips that could help reduce the risk.

1. Be Extra Defensive
Drinking and driving poses a bigger risk after dark, according to NHTSA, which has found that the rate of fatal crashes involving alcohol impairment is almost four times higher at night than during the day. Of course, never get behind the wheel after drinking, no matter what time of day it is (don’t drive while distracted either); but at night, it’s a good idea to put your defensive-driving instincts on high alert.

2. Combat Fatigue
Drowsy-driving crashes are most likely to happen between midnight and 6 a.m., says NHTSA. So be aware during these hours that there may be sleepy drivers on the road—and keep yourself alert. Have some caffeine, pull over in a safe area to get some rest, or stop for the night. Some drivers have reported other activities that can help - turning the radio on (not too loudly); rolling down the windows periodically for fresh air; and talking or singing to yourself.

3. Clean Up Your View
Dirty or damaged windshields can scatter light and potentially increase the effects of glare, according to NHTSA. The group also reports that dirty or damaged headlights can decrease your visibility and cast glare onto oncoming drivers. So clean headlights and windshields regularly; you can use a special cleaning kit for headlights.

4. Avoid Two-Lane Highways
NHTSA says two-lane highways may be a “worst-case scenario” for nighttime glare, due to oncoming cars’ headlights, lower overall light, and the fact that these roads tend to have more sharp curves and hills than a freeway. If you can, take a safer route at night.

5. Slow Down
Speeding-related crashes account for 37 percent of nighttime-driving fatalities, says NHTSA—compared with 21 percent of those during daylight hours—due to lower visibility and shorter reaction times. For example, your headlight typically shines 160 feet in front of you, but even at 40 mph, you need 190 feet to stop. Adjust your speed to take conditions like visibility into account, says Russ Rader of the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS).

6. Angle Your Headlights Correctly
If the beams tilt down too much, you’ll lose some of the illumination you need while driving. But if they tilt too high, they can blind oncoming drivers. Some states’ annual inspection tests include checking the headlight angle—but otherwise, take the initiative to make sure yours are pointed correctly. “This isn’t usually a DIY project,” says Rader. “Consumers should go to their car dealer or a repair facility for assistance.”

7. Use High Beams When Appropriate
High beams are underutilized, says Rader, but can be very helpful in rural areas or on open roads. Just remember to dim them when you’re within 500 feet of an oncoming vehicle (so you don’t temporarily blind the other driver), and don’t use them if you’re following another vehicle. If you’re in the market for a new car, Rader recommends looking for adaptive lighting systems that automatically adjust your high beams depending on the presence of other cars.

8. Tweak Your Inside Lighting
If your dashboard lights are too bright, glancing from the dashboard to the dark road ahead can be disorienting, says the NSC’s Epstein. “Dim the interior lights at night, so that critical controls remain easily visible but not distracting,” he recommends. “And use your visors at night to shield you from outdoor street lighting and glare.” Many new cars, he adds, have mirrors that automatically dim the reflections from bright light.

9. Look in The Right Direction
While you should always keep your eyes on the road, avoid a fixed gaze and never stare at oncoming headlights, says Epstein. When approaching an oncoming vehicle, avoid being blinded by its headlights by shifting your eyes down and to the right, using the right edge of the road or lane markings as a guide to stay on track. Lift your gaze back up when you’ve passed the oncoming vehicle.

10. Watch for Wildlife
Collisions with deer often happen at dusk or at night and are more common from October to January. Your high beams can help you spot an animal’s glowing eyes. When you see them, the safest way to avoid an accident is by slowing down and stopping—not by swerving.

11. Take Care of Your Eyes
Get your vision checked every year, suggests the NSC; glare becomes more problematic for people as they age. You may also need a different prescription at night.

12. Test and Use Your Lights
Regularly test all your lights, including low beams, high beams, daytime running lights, turn signals and brake lights. And make sure to use your headlights to stay visible; not only do you need to turn them on when it’s dark, but you should turn them on in adverse weather conditions like rain, snow and hail.


PLR 22-045 - PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4
A 24-year-old Specialist assigned to Fort Hood, Texas, died in a PMV-4 mishap 22 May 2022 in Temple, Texas, at 0136 local. A Texas state trooper who responded to the accident stated the Soldier was traveling east on Highway 84 when he crossed the median and drifted into the westbound lane. The Soldier’s vehicle struck the front driver's side of a civilian Chevy Suburban. The Soldier was wearing his seat belt at the time of the mishap and there were no passengers. He was transported to the local hospital and pronounced dead upon arrival by the attending physician. The conditions of the occupants of the Suburban are unknown, but no fatalities were reported. The safety/unit points of contact are waiting for the Texas Department of Public Safety to release a final report.

Since 2017, the Army has lost an average of 35 Soldiers a year to PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap was the 17th PMV-4 fatality of FY22 and below the number of fatalities for the same time period last year.

Driving Tired is Dangerous

More than 100 million U.S. residents have confessed to falling asleep at the wheel. Approximately 11 million of those drivers admit they have had a car accident or near-accident because they were too tired to drive.

Nearly 1,600 deaths and 71,000 injuries are directly related to driver fatigue each year.

Preventive Measures for Driver Fatigue

When you’re tired, your body reacts differently than it would if it were fully charged and awake. Impairments in human performance when driving tired include slower reaction time, reduced attentiveness and weakened information-processing skills.

One study found that people who get less than five hours of sleep at night were four to five times more likely to get in a car crash.

Here are some tips to help prevent driver fatigue-related crashes:
•Plan to get sufficient sleep before driving. Shoot for at least six hours, but eight hours is recommended.
•Avoid consuming any alcohol when you know you’ll be driving late at night.
•Watch out for medications that may cause drowsiness. If you are taking any medications with this side effect, let someone else drive.
•Use public transportation or ride with a friend.
•Limit your time on the road between midnight and 6 a.m. if possible.

What to do When You’re Falling Asleep at the Wheel

If you’re already on the road and you find yourself getting sleepy, the best solution is to let a passenger drive, or pull over and find a place to sleep for the night. If those options aren’t possible, find a safe place to park and take a 15- to 20-minute nap.

Consuming caffeine equivalent to about two cups of coffee also helps keep you alert when sleepiness hits. Grab a coffee, caffeinated beverage, energy drink or energy tablet. Nothing replaces the benefits of actual sleep, however. Try to find a place to get a good, long rest as soon as possible, such as a hotel or friend’s house, even if you’ve already napped and consumed caffeine.

Finding yourself drowsy while driving isn’t something to ignore. Studies have compared driving tired to driving drunk. Be proactive in preventing driver fatigue and pull over and get some sleep if you find yourself getting drowsy at the wheel. A two-second dream about pizza can easily turn into a fatal car crash.

Tips provided by Health Safety Institute.


PLR 22-044 - PMV-4 Mishap Claims One Soldier's Life

Posting Date:   /   Categories: Preliminary Loss Reports, PMV-4
A 35-year-old Sergeant First Class assigned to the U.S. Army Recruiting Command died in a PMV-4 mishap that occurred 11 May 2022 in Bend, Oregon, at 0348 local. The Soldier was a passenger in a southbound Subaru WRX operated by his uncle when it crossed the centerline into the northbound lane. A northbound semi-truck attempted to avoid the Subaru, but the vehicles collided head-on in the middle of the highway. The roadway was icy at the time of the collision. The Soldier and the two other vehicle occupants were transported to the local hospital. The Soldier was pronounced dead 15May at 1600. The uncle was also pronounced dead by medical staff. This mishap is still under investigation by local law enforcement.

Since 2017, the Army has lost an average of 35 Soldiers a year to PMV-4 mishaps. This mishap was the 16th PMV-4 fatality of FY22 and below the number of fatalities for the same time period last year.

Whether its snow, sleet or ice, winter weather can cause extremely dangerous road conditions. In 2019, there were 440 fatal crashes and an estimated 33,000 injury crashes that occurred in wintry conditions. Preparing yourself – and your vehicle – for winter weather is key.

Slow down. It’s harder to control or stop your vehicle on a slick or snow-covered surface. In fact, in 2019, there were an estimated 182,000 police-reported crashes that occurred in wintry conditions. On the road, increase your following distance enough so you’ll have plenty of time to stop for vehicles ahead of you.

As the outside temperature drops, so does tire inflation pressure. Make sure each tire is filled to the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended inflation pressure, which is in your owner’s manual and on a label located on the driver's side door frame. Do not inflate your tires to the pressure listed on the tire itself. That number is the maximum pressure the tire can hold, not the recommended pressure for your vehicle.

Some other tips:
•Inspect your tires at least once a month and before long road trips.
•It’s best to check the tires when they’re cold, meaning that they have not been driven on for at least three hours.
•Check each tire’s age. Some vehicle manufacturers recommend replacing tires every six years regardless of use.

An inspection is not just about checking tire pressure and age. Remember to check:
•for any damage or conditions that may need attention.
•the tread and sidewalls for any cuts, punctures, bulges, scrapes, cracks or bumps. The tread should be at least 2/32 of an inch or greater on all tires as well as your spare tire.

Check your local weather and traffic reports before heading out. If your roads are not in good shape, consider postponing non-essential travel until the roads are cleared. If you do have to go out, make sure you are prepared in case you become delayed while traveling. If making a long road trip when winter weather is forecasted, consider leaving early or changing your departure to avoid being on the roads during the worst of the storm.

Do not text or drive distracted, obey posted speed limits and always drive sober. Alcohol and drugs can impair safe and responsible driving by affecting things such as coordination, judgment, perception and reaction time. And remember to always wear your seat belt.

Tips provided by NHTSA.